What is diabetes?

What is diabetes?
People with diabetes have too much sugar in their bloodstream.
When you eat, your body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose.
The hormone insulin helps your body absorb glucose and use it for energy. But in people with diabetes, the body either doesn셳 make enough insulin or doesn셳 use it properly. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood; left untreated, that can lead to serious health problems. There are several types of diabetes:
Type1 Diabetes
TYPE 1, previously called juvenile diabetes, is usually diagnosed during childhood.
The immune system attacks cells in the pancreas, destroying its ability to make insulin.
Type2 Diabetes
TYPE 2, the most common form, affects more than 90 percent of people with the disease. Your body doesn셳 use insulin properly봞 condition known as insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to compensate, but over time it can셳 make enough to keep blood glucose at normal levels. Eventually, the insulin producing cells in the pancreas might burn out because of this overproduction.
However, in earlier phases the illness can be managed with diet, exercise and monitoring of blood sugar.

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